Vocabulary Lists

Vocabulary lists  containing these op 2000 important words form widely excepted guideline for frequently occurring words in ESL texts. Want to know what vocabulary word lists are?

Educationists and English teachers advice mastery of 2000 words of High Frequency Word Lists and 570 Academic word Lists BY Averil Coaxhead

How many important Vocabulary Lists are there?

There are said to be about 128,000 ‘word families’ in large Webster’s dictionary (a word family is defined as a group of words which are derived from one root word and includes all inflected forms of the word). But not all of these are of equal importance, because out of these only some words are used repeatedly in texts and spoken English.

There are three main vocabulary lists an English language learner must know in order to understand written texts and be able to communicate in English. 

How many words from vocabulary lists should you know?

A 5 year old child, native speaker of English language is estimated to knows about 5,000 words, whereas an average adult native speaker 18,000 to 20,000 words. This approximation is done based on the fact that native speakers are constantly exposed to the language at home and school.

But, learners of English as a second language do not know so many words because they do not have same exposure to the language as natives do.Therefore, they should know enough words from GSL vocabulary lists or ESL most frequent word list to get around basic English texts.


Out of a large number of 128,000, in the dictionary , only some account for usefulness based on:


(a) The high frequency of 1,000 word families vocabulary lists over 80% of fiction and conversational English, over 75% of newspaper texts, and over 70% of academic texts. Thorough knowledge of those words is therefore an extremely high priority for any learner of English.

(b) The next 1,000 vocabulary lists in terms of frequency add extra coverage of between 6% (conversation) and 4.6% (academic text).

(c) For tertiary level students, a list of 570 ‘academic’ word families (used frequently across a wide range of disciplines) is the next most useful group of words – more useful than the third 1,000 chosen by overall frequency in modern English.

These academic items have been known to form 8.5% of a corpus of academic texts, and to be well spread across disciplines; and indeed form over 4.5% of newspaper text like (A few examples: area, definition, option, specify, indicate.) Some of the words are special uses of words with other high-frequency meanings; smaller dictionaries may not show these more specialized meanings at all. 

Researchers through intensive research in vocabulary acquisition in second language acquisition have come up with Vocabulary list which contain words based on their frequency in English language usage e.g. High Frequency Word Lists and Academic word  vocabulary lists. Here is is the second 1000 High Frequency word from High Frequency word List 2.


For first 1000 words mentioned in the vocabulary list click on this List of English words

Second 1000 High Frequency Word List 2


abroad

absence

absolutely

accident

accuse

accustom

ache

admire

adventure

advertise

advice

afraid

afternoon

agent

agriculture

ahead

aim

aeroplane

alike

alive

aloud

altogether

ambition

amongst

amuse

anger

angle

annoy

anxiety

apart

apologize

applaud

apple

approve

arch

argue

arrange

arrest

arrow

artificial

ash

ashamed

aside

asleep

astonish

attend

attract

audience

aunt

autumn

avenue

avoid

awake

awkward

axe

baby

bag

baggage

bake

balance

band

barber

bare

bargain

barrel

basin

basket

bath

bay

beak

beam

bean

beard

beast

beat

beg

behave

bell

belt

bend

berry

bicycle

bind

birth

bite

bitter

blade

blame

bless

blind

block

boast

boil

bold

bone

border

borrow

bottle

bottom

bound

boundary

bow

bowl

brain

brass

brave

breakfast

breath

bribe

brick

broad

brown

brush

bucket

bunch

bundle

burst

bury

bus

bush

busy

butter

button

cage

cake

calculate

calm

camera

camp

canal

cap

cape

captain

card

carriage

cart

castle

cat

cattle

caution

cave

cent

century

ceremony

chain

chair

chalk

charm

cheap

cheat

check

cheer

cheese

cheque

chest

chicken

chimney

Christmas

civilize

clay

clerk

clever

cliff

climb

cloth

cloud

coal

coarse

coat

coffee

coin

collar

collect

colony

comb

combine

comfort

commerce

committee

companion

compete

complain

complicated

compose

confess

confidence

confuse

congratulate

conquer

conscience

conscious

convenience

conversation

cook

cool

copper

copy

cork

corn

correct

cottage

cotton

cough

courage

cousin

cow

coward

crack

crash

cream

creep

crime

critic

crop

crown

cruel

crush

cultivate

cup

cupboard

cure

curious

curl

curse

curtain

curve

cushion

damage

damp

deaf

dear

debt

decay

deceive

decrease

deed

deer

defeat

defend

delay

delicate

delight

department

depend

descend

deserve

desk

despair

devil

diamond

dictionary

dig

dinner

dip

dirt

disappoint

discipline

discuss

disgust

dish

dismiss

disturb

ditch

dive

dollar

donkey

dot

dozen

drag

drawer

drink

drown

drum

duck

dull

dust

duty

eager

earn

earnest

ease

educate

efficient

egg

elastic

elder

elect

electricity

elephant

empire

empty

enclose

encourage

engine

entertain

envelope

envy

especial

essence

exact

examination

excess

excite

excuse

explode

explore

extra

extraordinary

extreme

fade

faint

false

fan

fancy

far

farther

fat

fate

fault

feast

feather

female

fence

fever

fierce

fight

film

firm

flag

flame

flash

flat

flavour

flesh

float

flood

flour

flow

fly

fold

fond

fool

foot

forbid

forest

forgive

fork

formal

frame

freeze

frequent

fresh

fright

fruit

fry

fun

funeral

fur

furnish

gallon

gap

garage

gas

gay

generous

girl

glory

goat

govern

grace

gradual

grain

grammar

grand

grass

grateful

grave

grease

greed

greet

grey

grind

guess

guest

guide

guilty

gun

hair

hammer

handkerchief

harbour

harm

harvest

haste

hat

hate

hay

heal

heap

heart

height

hesitate

hinder

hire

hit

hole

holiday

hollow

holy

honest

hook

horizon

hospital

host

hotel

humble

hunger

hunt

hurry

hurt

hut

ice

ideal

idle

ill

imagine

imitate

immediate

immense

important

improve

indoors

industry

inform

ink

in-law

inn

inquire

insect

inside

instant

instrument

insult

insure

interfere

international

interrupt

invent

invite

inward/s

island

jaw

jealous

jewel

joint

joke

journey

joy

juice

jump

key

kick

king

kiss

kitchen

knee

kneel

knife

knock

knot

ladder

lake

lamp

latter

laugh

lazy

leaf

lean

leather

leg

lend

lessen

lesson

liberty

lid

limb

lip

liquid

list

literature

load

loaf

loan

lock

lodging

log

lonely

loose

lord

loud

loyal

luck

lump

lunch

lung

mad

mail

male

manage

manufacture

map

master

mat

match

meal

meanwhile

meat

mechanic

medicine

melt

mend

merchant

mercy

merry

message

mild

milk

mill

mis-

miserable

mistake

mix

model

moderate

modest

monkey

moon

moral

motion

mouse

mud

multiply

murder

mystery

nail

neat

needle

neglect

nephew

nest

net

nice

niece

noble

noise

nonsense

noon

nose

noun

nuisance

nurse

nut

oar

obey

ocean

offend

omit

onto

opposite

orange

organ

origin

ornament


pack

pad

pair

pale

pan

parcel

pardon

parent

park

particular

passage

paste

path

patient

patriotic

pattern

pause

paw

pearl

peculiar

pen

pencil

penny

per

perform

persuade

pet

photograph

pick

pig

pigeon

pile

pin

pinch

pink

pint

pipe

pity

plain

plaster

plate

plenty

plough

plural

pocket

poet

poison

police

polish

polite

pool

postpone

pot

pour

powder

practice

praise

pray

preach

precious

prefer

prejudice

president

pretend

pride

priest

prison

prize

probable

procession

profession

profit

prompt

pronounce

property

proud

pump

punctual

punish

pupil

pure

purple

push

puzzle

qualify

quantity

quarrel

quart

queen

question

quick

rabbit

radio

rail

rain

rake

rapid

rare

rat

raw

ray

razor

recommend

refer

reflect

refresh

regret

rejoice

relieve

remedy

remind

rent

repair

replace

reproduce

republic

reputation

request

rescue

reserve

resign

resist

responsible

restaurant

retire

revenge

review

reward

ribbon

rice

rid

ripe

risk

rival

roar

roast

rob

rock

rod

roof

root

rope

rot

row

royal

rub

rubber

rubbish

rude

rug

ruin

rust

sacred

sacrifice

sad

saddle

sake

salary

sale

salt

sample

sand

satisfy

sauce

saucer

scatter

scent

scissors

scold

scorn

scrape

scratch

screen

screw

search

seed

seldom

sentence

severe

sew

shade

shallow

shame

sharp

sheep

sheet

shelf

shell

shelter

shield

shilling

ship

shirt

shock

shop

shout

shower

shut

sick

signal

silk

sincere

sing

sink

skin

skirt

slave

slide

slip

slope

smell

smoke

smooth

snake

snow

soap

socks

soldier

solemn

solid

solve

sore

sorry

soul

soup

sour

sow

spade

spare

spell

spill

spin

spit

splendid

split

spoil

spoon

sport

staff

stain

stairs

stamp

star

steady

steam

steep

steer

stem

stiff

sting

stir

stockings

stomach

stove

strap

straw

strict

string

strip

stripe

stuff

stupid

suck

sugar

suit

supper

suspect

swallow

swear

sweat

sweep

swell

swim

swing

sword

sympathy

tail

tailor

tall

tame

tap

tax

taxi

tea

telegraph

telephone

temper

temperature

temple

tempt

tend

tender

tent

thank/s

theatre

thick

thief

thin

thirst

thorn

thorough

thread

threaten

throat

thumb

thunder

ticket

tide

tidy

tie

tight

till

tin

tip

tire

title

tobacco

toe

tomorrow

ton

tongue

tonight

tool

tooth

tough

tour

towel

tower

toy

track

translate

trap

tray

treasure

treat

tremble

trial

tribe

trick

trip

true

trunk

tube

tune

twist

ugly

umbrella

uncle

unit

unity

universe

upper

upright

upset

upwards

urge

vain

veil

verb

verse

vessel

victory

violent

virtue

vowel

voyage

wage/ s

waist

wake

wander

warm

wash

wax

wealth

weapon

weather

weave

weed

weigh

wet

wheat

wheel

whip

whisper

whistle

whole

wicked

widow

wine

wipe

wire

witness

wool

worm

worry

worship

wound

wrap

wreck

wrist

yard

From Vocabulary Lists return to English Vocabulary

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Oxford English Dictionary publishes new word updates and revised word meanings, on March, June,September and December every year. For instance, in March 2012, it added:
bit bucket n. An An imaginary trash location, example, "it fell into the bit bucket" means the data was lost.

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