English words from  Latin and Greek roots used in science

500 plus English words from  Latin and Greek roots which form majority of scientific terminologies.

English words from Latin and Greek form a major chunk of vocabulary in science, because for close to two thousand years until Seventeenth century scientific books were written in Latin and in Greek.Original Latin Words and Roots in use even today and Here you will find Greek and Latin prefixes, suffixes, and number names


As a matter of fact the first medical text books used at Harvard were written in English words from Latin and Greek. But, today both languages have been declared dead. 


Science vocabulary of English words from Latin and Greek roots

Root---------------------Meaning-------------------Examples


Acet---------------------------Vinegar------------------------------Acetylcholine


Acro------------------------Sharp------------------------------Acrosome


Actin---------------------A Ray----------------------------Actinide


Antho-----------------------A flower--------------------------Anthocyanin


Archaeo------------------------Ancient---------------------------Archeomagnetic


Arthro------------------------A joint------------------------Arthropod, Arthritis


Aster, Astro----------------------A star----------------------------Asteroid, Astrophysics


Atmo-------------------------------Vapour-----------------------------------Atmospheric


Auto---------------------------------Self--------------------------------Autoimmune


Axo------------------------------------An Axis, Axle------------------------------Axon


Science vocabulary of English words from Latin and Greek roots  B

Bacteri----------------------A little stick-------------------------Bacterium, Bacteriophage


Baro------------------------------Heavy------------------------------Barodynamics


Bio-------------------------- Life---------------------- Bioluminescence


Blast------------------------------A sprout--------------------------Erythroblast


Bol----------------------------A Ray------------------------Bolometer


Brom---------------------------A stink------------------------------Bromine


Calci--------------------Chalk-----------------------Calcium


Science vocabulary of English words from Latin and Greek roots C

Carbo---------------------------Coal---------------------- Carbohydrate


Carcino------------------A crab--------------------Carcinoma


Cardi----------------------The Heart-------------------Cardiovascular


Carni------------------------------Flesh----------------------------------Carnivora


Catena---------------------A chain--------------------------Catenation


Cephal------------------------The head-----------------------Cephalopod


Cerebro------------------------The brain-------------------------Cerebrospinal


Cet-------------------------A sea Monster-------------------------Cetacea


Chalco-------------------------Copper---------------------Chalcopyrite


Chlor-----------------------Pale Green----------------------------Chlorine, Chlorofluorocarbon


Chol---------------------Bile---------------------------Cholesterol


Chroma, Chromato, Chromo-------------------Colour---------------------Chromatosphere, Chromosome


Chrono--------------------------------Time--------------------------Chronotron, synchronise


Chrys(o)--------------------------------------Gold---------------------------------Chrysoberyl


Chem---------------------------------A fluid-----------------Chemistry, Chemiluminescence


Chymo------------------------------------Juice-----------------------Chymotryspin


Cortic------------------------------------------Bark-----------------------Corticosteroid, cortex


Cotyl------------------------------------A cup----------------------------Cotyledon


Cryo-------------------------------------Frost---------------------------------Cryogenics


Crypto------------------------------------Hidden---------------------------Cryptocrystalline


Crystalo----------------------Ice---------------Crystal, Crystallogrphy


Cyano-----------------------------------Greenish- blue---------------------------Anthocyanin


Cybern------------------------------A helmsman---------------------------Cybernetics


Cyclo-------------------------------Circle--------------------------Cyclopropane


Cyto-------------------------------------A vessel, Hollow----------------------------Cytology


Science vocabulary of English words from Latin and Greek roots  D

Dactyl------------------------------A finger------------------------ Pterodactyl


Dendro---------------------------------------A tree----------------- Dendron, Dendrochronology


Derm--------------------------------------Skin-----------------------Dermatology, Echinoderm


Dextro---------------------------------Right-----------------------Dextrorotatory


Droso--------------------------------Dew----------------------Drosophila


Dynam-----------------------------Power--------------------------Dynamo, Thermodynamics




Echino---------------------A hedgehog---------------Echinoidea


Eco----------------------------------A house------------------------Ecosystem


Electro-------------------------------------Amber-----------------Electrophoresis, electron


Enantio-------------------------Opposite-------------------Enantiotropy


Erythro----------------------Red---------------------Erythrocyte



Ferr---------------------------------Iron----------------------------Ferromagnetism


Floccul-----------------------------A little tuft-----------------------------Flocculation


Fluor------------------------------Flow-----------------------------Fluorescent


Galact--------------------------------Milk--------------------------Galactose, Galaxy


Gamet---------------------------Husband, wife----------------------Gametophyte


Gen-------------------------------Born-------------------------Genotype, Hydrogen


Geo---------------------------------Earth------------------------Geomagnetism


Glut-------------------------Glue--------------------------Gluten, Glutamic


Glycer---------------------Sweet-------------------Glyceraldehyde


Glyco------------------------Sugar-----------------------Glycogen, Glucose


Gram---------------------------A letter-----------------------------Hologram


Graph------------------------------To write-------------------------------Graphite


Gyro------------------------------A ring-----------------------Gyromagnetic


Haem---------------------------Blood-------------------------Haemoglobin


Hal-----------------------------Salt--------------------------------Halogen


Hapto-------------------------------------Touch-----------------------------Haptotropism


Hedr------------------------------ A seat---------------------- Decahedron


Helio---------------------------------the sun--------------------- Helium, Heliotrope


Heli( x) ( c)---------------------------A spiral---------------------Helix, Helicity, Helicidae


Heur---------------------------------to find------------------------------Heuristics, Eureka


Histo-----------------------------------------A web-------------------------- Histology, Histocompatibility


Holo----------------------------------- Whole-----------------------------------Hologram


Homo ---------------------------------Same ( not man)-----------------------Homomorphism


Homoeo---------------------------Like-----------------------------Homoeothermy


Hygro-------------------------------Wet-------------------------------Hygroscopic


Hyster---------------------------------Later-------------------------------Hysteresis


Hyster--------------------------------Womb----------------------------Hysterectomy


Iodo-----------------------------------Violet-coloured---------------------------Iodine, tri-iodomethane


Ion-------------------------------Going-------------------------Ionization, Ion


Leuk---------------------------------White---------------------------------Leukaemia


Lipo--------------------------------Fat------------------------Lipoprotein, lipid


Lith-------------------------------------A stone---------------------------lithium, litharge


Lys--------------------------------------A loosening-------------------------Lysozyme, Analysis


Mer------------------------------A part-------------------------Meristem, isomer ( iso+ equal)


Mit---------------------------------------Fibre-----------------------------------------Mitosis


Morph--------------------------------A form-------------------------Homomorphism


Myc-----------------------------------A Mushroom-------------------------Mycology


Myo----------------------------------A muscle-------------------------------Myoglobin


Nem--------------------------------A thread--------------------------Nematode



Return to word origins

Return to English Vocabulary

Now FREE e-book ACADEMIC WORD LISTS AND HIGH FREQUENCY WORDLISTSRight-click to download the PDF.


FREE E-BOOK-Latin and Greek Word Roots

Now download Right-click to download the PDF.

Oxford English Dictionary publishes new word updates and revised word meanings, on March, June,September and December every year. For instance, in March 2012, it added:
bit bucket n. An An imaginary trash location, example, "it fell into the bit bucket" means the data was lost.

Click here Contact me for mailing you daily updates on new words