Greek and Latin Roots

Greek and Latin roots as prefixes and suffixes and number words

PREFIXES-BEGINNINGS

Ante : Before ( Latin)

Anthrop: Mankind ( Greek)

Anti: Against ( Latin)

Arch: Chief (Greek)

Astro: Star ( Greek)

Cardi: Heart ( Greek)

Crypto: Secret ( Greek)

Deca : Ten ( Greek)

Dys: Abnormal ( Greek)

Eco : Home ( Greek)

Geo: Earth( Greek)

Haem: Blood ( Greek)

Hetero: Different ( Greek)

Homo: Same ( Greek)

Hydr: Water ( Greek)

Hyper: Over ( Greek)

Infra: Below ( Greek)

Kilo: Thousand ( Greek)

Macro: Great ( Greek)

SUFFIXES- ENDINGS

Archy : Rule ( Greek)


Cide : Kill ( Latin)


Ectomy: Cutting ( Greek)


Gon: Angle( Greek)


Graph: Picyure ( Greek)


Ism: Doctrine ( Greek)


Ist: Follower( Greek)


Itis: Illness ( Greek)

Greek and Latin roots based English words is a common feature of English vocabulary. Shakespeare popularised many of these terms like- iota, item, ergo, but the epic one is,

Et tu Brute? Then fall, Caesar!

Greek and Latin is considered to be language of higher learning, there are numerable words from these languages which are are still used in science, in their original form.Greek+Latin word roots used in science.

More Greek and latin words for numbers used as prefixes, suffixes to form new words

Greek----Meaning----Example----Latin

Mono-------Only One------Monotone------Uno


Di, Dy------2, twice---------Dilemma----------bi


Tri---------- 3 ---------tripod------------ter


Tetra -----4 ---------- Tetralogy ------Quadri


Pent-----------5 ------------Pentagon---------quint


Hex, Hect--- 6------------Hexagon----------- Sex


Hept----------7--------------Heptad--- Sept


Oct----------- 8-------------Octopus-----------Oct


( 9 is generally not used)


Deca----------10-----------Decathalon------- dec


Dodeca-------12----------Dodecahedron duodecim


Hecato--------100--------Hecatomb--------Cent


Chili-----------1000--------Chiliagon, Kilometer------ mill


Hemi----------Half----------Hemisphere---------Semi

Greek----Meaning----Example----Latin

Proto--------First--------------Prototype------Prim


Haplo-----------Single-----------Haplography--Singul


Diplo--------------Double----------Diplom


Olig----------------Few--------------Oligarchy--- Pauc


Poly---------------Many-------------Polytechnic---mult


Micro--------------Small-------------Microscope---Parv


Macro-------------Long--------------Macron---------Long


Mega---------------Large-------------Megaphone------Magn


Meso----------------In the middle---Mesopotamia---Medi


Iso------------------Equal Isosceles, isobar-------------equ


Aniso---------------unequal----------anisotropic-------iniqui


all(o)---------------other,different from----------------allergy


Hetero-------------other or two-------------------heterodox

Here are some more of these original Latin roots and Latin words in use.



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Oxford English Dictionary publishes new word updates and revised word meanings, on March, June,September and December every year. For instance, in March 2012, it added:
bit bucket n. An An imaginary trash location, example, "it fell into the bit bucket" means the data was lost.

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